Consideration of the virtual team work and disabled citizens, as promising opportunity providers for the e government infrastructure's formation

Research Area: Virtual team Year: 2009
Type of Publication: In Proceedings Keywords: Virtual team, Virtual Workplaces, Disabled Citizen, Workplace, E Government
Authors: Shafia, Mohammad Ali; Ebrahim, Nader Ale; Ahmed, Shamsuddin; Taha, Zahari
Book title: The Second Conference on Electronic City (e-city 2009)
Pages: 959-966
Address: Tehran, Iran
Abstract:
The Information area has revolutionized the workplace. Douglas Kruse, a professor of human resources and the director of the program for disability research at Rutgers University, states that 7% of employed persons with disabilities work 20 hours or more a week from home. While some modern countries have established “virtual teams”, which are said to be comprised of people who are geographically scattered and who work across boundaries of space and time using computer driven communication technologies, it is also true that many developing countries remain structured around conventional face-to-face teams. A motive toward virtual team working may be cost effectiveness. Increasing transport and human resource costs makes face to face contact less attractive unless they are essential. In an environment of urging to move into the direction of governing the activities via electronic moves, consideration of the individuals who deliver their services to the society in the form of virtual teams are of the primary value which should accelerate the E culture while E government is aimed at. By reviewing literature and theories, this paper present the definition and characteristics of virtual teams. A comparison of different types of virtual teams along with the application, strengths and limitations of them regarding as the promising elements of e activities are elaborated. Persons with disabilities are entitled to and capable of the same career options as their non-disabled counterparts and increasing numbers of them are taking advantage of virtual workplaces therefore creating a condition to facilitate the cultivation of e moves in the society.
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